Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is a rare genetic condition characterized by tumors in the peripheral and central nervous system. Several options are available to treat these tumors, including observation, surgical removal, peripheral nerve surgery, stereotactic radiosurgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
NF2 is one of three genetic conditions that make up a group of disorders known as neurofibromatosis. The two other conditions in the group are neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and schwannomatosis. Neurofibromatosis belongs to a broad group of neurological disorders called neurocutaneous syndromes.
Acoustic neuromas, also called vestibular schwannomas, are the most common tumors associated with NF2. They are benign tumors that grow along the auditory nerve, which connects the inner ear to the brain and provides the ability to hear. Nearly all individuals with NF2 develop bilateral acoustic neuromas by age 30.
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