Gliomas are tumors that develop from glial cells, support cells found in the brain and spinal cord. At Columbia University Medical Center/NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, we specialize in glioma treatment options including surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
Gliomas make up more than a quarter of all brain tumors. Several types of gliomas exist, each of which can be benign or malignant. Each type is named after the kind of glial cell from which it arises. Glial cells include astrocytes, oligodendrocytes and ependymocytes; each performs unique functions to support the brain and spinal cord. These are the types of gliomas:
Gliomas can grow in a variety of places throughout the brain. Gliomas that grow in certain locations in the brain may have a name other than one listed above. This alternative, or additional, name is used because it describes the location of the tumor. Below are a few examples. All of these examples, derived from astrocytes, are astrocytomas.
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