Rosa isn’t a neurosurgeon, though. ROSA is a Robotized Surgical Assistant—the most advanced of its kind.
The ROSA robot now at Columbia University Medical Center/New York Presbyterian Hospital is one of only eleven in the United States. ROSA robots are also in use at hospitals in Canada, Europe, Asia, and the Middle East.
ROSA has two main parts, a computer “brain” and a robotic “arm.”
ROSA’s computer system allows neurosurgeons like Dr. Neil Feldstein, Dr. Guy McKhann and Dr. Sameer Sheth to make 3-D maps of a patient’s brain. They can look at the 3-D images from any angle, and at any depth. It’s kind of like having an incredibly precise, detailed GPS map. They use this image to mark the exact areas they need to reach. Then–just as importantly–they use the image to plan the best routes to the destinations.
After the planning stage is finished, it’s time for surgery. ROSA’s arm is designed to perform surgery with very small instruments—instruments as thin as a needle. With its range of motion and ability to assume different positions, the arm is made especially to mimic a human arm.
These features are especially helpful in a variety of surgeries, including epilepsy surgery. To precisely detect where seizures arise in a patient’s brain, the neurosurgeon needs to place a series of very fine electrodes deep within the brain. The angle of approach is different for each electrode.
ROSA’s computer “brain” and robotic “arm,” working together under the neurosurgeon’s control, make this surgery much faster. That’s something that patients really appreciate.
As Dr. Feldstein explains,
The Rosa robot is an extraordinary surgical tool that facilitates many complex neurological surgical procedures. It is especially useful in epilepsy surgeries. With the robot, we can greatly improve the speed and accuracy of the procedures. This will directly translate to shorter and less invasive procedures for our patients and thus hasten their care and recovery. The robot does not replace the surgeon, nor does it function independently of the surgeon. Its function is to aid the surgeon in performing intricate procedures in a safe and efficient fashion.
“The improved accuracy and shorter surgical times will be a tremendous improvement for patient safety and comfort,” agrees Dr. Sheth.
“As the first center in New York to implement this technology,” comments Dr. McKhann, “we remain deeply committed to providing the latest cutting edge care for our patients, to maximize their outcomes and improve patient safety.”
Image credit: © [Tatiana Shepeleva] / Dollar Photo Club (not an actual image of ROSA robot)
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