An intracerebral hemorrhage is bleeding inside the brain. Standard surgical treatments include clipping, coiling or embolizing the lesion that caused the bleeding and removing the blood clot when necessary.
An intracerebral hemorrhage is a medical emergency, as it deprives the brain’s cells of oxygen and nutrients, allows the buildup of waste products and causes pressure on the surrounding brain. Resulting damage to the brain’s tissues can develop quickly. In addition, pressure increases in surrounding tissues, and irritation and swelling may occur, causing further damage. A hematoma may develop and injure brain tissue or block the circulation of fluid around the brain.
For patients who survive the initial hemorrhage and its immediate consequences, many treatments exist to maximize recovery. Whenever possible, patients with intracerebral hemorrhage should be treated at a comprehensive stroke center like the one at Columbia University Medical Center/NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital. Here, experienced neurosurgeons with specialized training can determine what caused the bleeding, whether surgery is appropriate for an individual patient, and the type of surgical treatment that would be best.
Intracerebral hemorrhage causes approximately 10 percent of strokes.
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