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About Intracranial Hematoma

An intracranial hematoma is a collection of clotted blood that forms inside the skull after an injury. At Columbia University Medical Center/NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, our neurosurgeons specialize in treating intracranial hematoma. Standard treatment may include expert monitoring and/or surgery for drainage.

A hematoma may put pressure on tissue of the brain, causing injury. Physicians categorize hematomas according to the onset and volume of intracranial bleeding. An acute hematoma may be life-threatening and therefore require emergency treatment. A chronic hematoma, though less immediately dangerous, may necessitate treatment to minimize impact on cognition or mobility. Treating a chronic hematoma may partially restore function or prevent further deterioration.

Intracranial hematomas are sometimes classified by their location:

  • An epidural hematoma occurs between the skull and the dura.
  • A subdural hematoma occurs between the dura and the brain.
  • An intraparenchymal hematoma occurs inside the brain itself. It is also sometimes called an intracerebral hematoma.

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